Article Text

PDF
Sexting and high sexual risk-taking behaviours among school youth in northern Ethiopia: estimating using prevalence ratio
  1. Kidan Abrha1,
  2. Alemayehu Worku2,
  3. Wondwossen Lerebo3,
  4. Yemane Berhane4,5
  1. 1 Department of Reproductive Health, Mekelle University, College of Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Tigray, Ethiopia
  2. 2 Addis Ababa University School of Public Healtha, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  3. 3 Department of Public Health, Mekelle University College of Health Sciences, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia
  4. 4 Department of Epidemiology, Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  5. 5 Addis Ababa University College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  1. Correspondence to Mrs. Kidan Abrha, Department of Reproductive Health, Mekelle University, College of Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Tigray, Ethiopia; kidanabrha{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Background Increasing access to digital technology to young people in low-income settings has greatly influenced their porngraphy viewing and sexting, receiving and/or sending of sexual explicit materials via electronic devices. These change the sexual communication and behaviour of the young population. However, evidence to attest this change is not available in our setting. Thus, this study examined the relationship of high sexual risk-taking behaviour with sexting and pornography viewing among school youth in Ethiopia.

Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April 2015 by selecting school youth using a multistage sampling procedure. Data were collected using a pre-validated anonymous facilitator-guided self-administered questionnaire. Poisson regression was run to calculate adjusted prevalence ratio with its 95% confidence intervals. All differences were considered as significant for p values ≤0.05.

Results In total, 5924 questionnaires were distributed, and 5306 (89.57%) school youth responded in full to questions related to outcome variables. Of these respondents, 1220 (22.99%; 95% CI 19.45 to 26.96) were involved in high sexual risk-taking behaviour; 1769 (33.37%; 95% CI 30.52 to 36.35) had experienced sexting and 2679 (50.26%; 95% CI 46.92 to 53.61) were viewing pornography. The proportion of high sexual risk-taking behaviour was three-fold among pornography viewers (adjusted prevalence ratio (APR) 95% CI 3.02 (2.52 to 3.62)) and two-fold among sexters (APR 95% CI 2.48 (1.88 to 3.27)) as compared with their counterparts.

Conclusions Exposure to sexually explicit materials via communication technology is associated with increased high sexual risk-taking behaviour among school youth in northern Ethiopia. Considering these emerged predictors of sexual behaviours in our sexual education programmes, further research in this area is essential.

  • sexting
  • pornography
  • school youth
  • high sexual risk-taking behavior
View Full Text

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Contributor KA, AW, WL and YB were responsible for the conception and design of the study. The acquisition, analysis, interpretation of data and the initial drafting of the manuscript were done by KA. AW supervised and contributed to the analysis and interpretation of the data and he also revised the draft manuscript. WL contributed to the analysis and interpretation of the data. YB revised the manuscript critically for important intellectual content. KA, AW, WL and YB have read and approved the final manuscript prior to publication.

  • Funding This study is funded by Mekelle University.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.