Pain score | Lidocaine spray group (n=100) | Placebo spray group (n=100) | p |
---|---|---|---|

VAS during the procedure (cm) | 1.00 (0–6) | 3.00 (0–7) | <0.001* |

Frequency of VAS ≥4 (%) | 6.0 | 41.0 | <0.001† |

Values are expressed as median (minimum–maximum). The variables were compared with Mann-Whitney

*U*-test and Chi-square (χ^{2}) test. A*p*<0.05 probability value was considered statistically significant.*Mann-Whitney

*U*-test,*p*<0.05.†Chi-square (χ

^{2}) test,*p*<0.05.VAS, Visual Analogue Scale.