Table 2

Reported contraceptive use by demographic characteristics and sexual experience: descriptive and polytomous regression results

Participant characteristicsDual useCondom onlyHormonal contraception onlyContraception non-use
[n (%)] mean†aOR (95% CI)[n (%)] mean†aOR (95% CI)[n (%)] mean†aOR (95% CI)[n (%)] mean†aOR (95% CI)
Total224 (15.5)Referent Group784 (54.0)133 (9.2)303 (20.9)
Gender 
 Female124 (17.0)322 (44.2)1.0086 (11.8)1.00196 (26.9)1.00
 Male100 (14.0)462 (64.5)1.65 (1.19–2.30)***47 (6.6)0.90 (0.55–1.47)107 (14.9)0.63 (0.43–0.94)****
Age17.617.10.94 (0.88–1.01)19.11.16 (1.07–1.26)**18.31.09 (1.02–1.17)****
Race 
 White65 (18.1)177 (49.3)1.0038 (10.6)1.0065 (18.1)1.00
 African American36 (18.9)116 (60.7)2.88 (1.64–5.04)**17 (8.9)1.59 (0.72–3.51)36 (18.9)1.76 (0.90–3.45)
 Hispanic170 (22.7)410 (54.8)2.21 (1.53–3.18)*73 (9.8)1.62 (0.96–2.72)170 (22.7)2.45 (1.58–3.78)*
 Other31 (22.3)77 (55.4)1.35 (0.78–2.31)5 (3.6)0.45 (0.16–1.30)31 (22.3)1.61 (0.84–3.06)
Duration of sexual relationship 
 ≥1 year69 (17.2)155 (38.7)1.0067 (16.7)1.00110 (27.4)1.00
 7–12 months32 (20.0)72 (45.0)1.00 (0.58–1.70)17 (10.6)0.76 (0.37–1.54)39 (24.4)0.88 (0.49–1.60)
 1–6 months73 (17.8)244 (59.4)1.24 (0.81–1.90)22 (5.4)0.38 (0.20–0.71)****72 (17.5)0.70 (0.43–1.14)
 <1 month35 (10.5)209 (62.4)2.71 (1.60–4.59)**24 (7.2)1.12 (0.55–2.27)67 (20.0)1.73 (0.96–3.11)
Number of partners per year of sexual activity1.61.70.89 (0.72–1.09)1.61.06 (0.80–1.42)2.01.26 (1.00–1.60)
  • *p≤0.0001, **p≤0.001, ***p≤0.01, ****p≤0.05.

  • †The mean is reported for continuous variables; the number and percentage are reported for categorical variables.

  • NB. Covariates were sex, age, race, relationship tenure and number of partners per year of sexual activity (log scale).

  • Body typeface indicates an association with a p value < 0.05.

  • aOR, adjusted odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.