Table 1

Number (percentage) of study participants (n = 206) with unmet need for effective family planning (i.e. do not want more children but are not using highly effective family planning methods)

Marital status
 Business person3060.0
 Lower primary6363.5
 Upper primary7556.0
 Secondary and above3458.8
Dwelling quality
Ownership of radio
Ownership of land
Ownership of bicycle
Ownership of animals
Ownership of poultry
Religious affiliation
Ethnic group
AIDS death in family
AIDS death of child
AIDS symptoms
Unmet need
Yes (n=124)No (n=82)
Age in years (mean±SD)35.0±5.730.9±7.1<0.001
Number of pregnancies (mean±SD)5.4±2.94.0±2.6<0.001
Number of living own children (mean±SD)4.6±2.63.2±2.2<0.001
Number of non-biological children (mean±SD)1.3±1.21.0±1.20.052
  • * The p values are based on Chi-square (χ2) test unless otherwise specified.

  • Dwelling quality variable was divided into three categories as low, medium and high based on the house floor, wall and roof structure [low: mud floor, mud/thatched walls and grass/thatched roof; medium: mud floor, mud/thatched walls and metal roof; high: cement/concrete/wood floor, walls of permanent materials and metal roof or any two out of three (i.e. floor, walls and roof) of this structure].

  • Two independent sample t-test p value.

  • ART, antiretroviral therapy; SD, standard deviation.