Table 2

Reported use of condoms, contraception and the dual contraceptive method among male and non-pregnant female participants

Couple: man HIV-seropositiveCouple: woman HIV-seropositive
Reported useMen (n=5)Women (n=5)Men (n=7)Women (n=7)
 Consistent5 (100%)3 (60%)6 (86%)6 (86%)
 Inconsistent02 (40%)1 (14%)1 (14%)
Contraceptives003 (43%)3 (43%)
Dual contraceptive (condom and contraception)003 (43%)3 (43%)
  • Consistent condom use was defined as ‘with every act of intercourse’. Inconsistent condom use was defined as ‘sometimes using a condom, but not 100%’. Contraceptives were defined as ‘any highly effective method’; those available in Kenya at this time include combined oral contraceptives, depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) injections, progestin-only pills, copper intrauterine devices, implants, and tubal ligation.