Table 1

Characteristics of all survey participants and women who reported self-managed abortion in the current pregnancy compared with those who did not report a self-managed abortion

CharacteristicsAll survey participants*(n=255)
[n (%)]
Participants who reported self-managed abortion (n=78, 30%)
[n (%)]
Participants who did not report a self-managed abortion (n=177, 70%)
[n (%)]
Χ2
P value
Demographics
Age (years)
 18–2482 (32.2)36 (46.2)46 (26.0)0.008
 25–35118 (46.3)34 (43.6)84 (47.5)0.045
 36+55 (21.6)8 (10.3)47 (26.6)Ref.
Relationship status
 Married or living together155 (61.0)35 (44.9)120 (68.2)0.000
 Single/divorced/widow/not living together99 (39.0)43 (55.1)56 (31.8)
 Missing101
Education
 Completed primary school or less70 (27.5)12 (15.4)58 (32.8)Ref.
 Some secondary school161 (63.1)61 (78.2)100 (56.5)0.002
 Completed secondary school or beyond24 (9.4)5 (6.4)19 (10.4)0.700
Pregnancy-related characteristics
First pregnancy
 Yes60 (23.5)22 (28.2)38 (21.5)
 No195 (76.5)56 (71.8)139 (78.5)0.243
Children (n)
 090 (35.3)29 (37.2)66 (34.5)0.407
 166 (25.9)20 (25.6)46 (26.0)
 247 (18.4)10 (12.8)37 (20.9)
 3+52 (20.4)19 (24.4)33 (18.6)
Unintended pregnancy
 Yes150 (61.2)71 (92.2)79 (47.0)
 No95 (38.8)6 (7.8)89 (53.0)0.000
 Missing1019
Pregnancy resulted from:
 Primary relationship217 (85.4)62 (80.5)155 (87.6)
 Secondary relationship37 (14.6)15 (19.5)22 (12.4)0.143
 Missing110
Self-managed abortion in a previous pregnancy
 Yes29 (11.6)15 (20.0)14 (8.0)Ref.
 No160 (64.3)38 (50.7)122 (70.1)0.003
 No previous pregnancy60 (24.1)22 (29.3)38 (21.8)
 Missing633
Any prenatal care this pregnancy
 Yes149 (58.4)27 (34.6)122 (68.9)0.000
 No106 (41.6)51 (65.4)55 (31.1)
Contraceptive characteristics
Ever use of contraception
 Yes128 (50.4)41 (52.6)87 (49.4)
 No126 (49.6)37 (47.4)89 (50.6)0.645
 Missing11
Use of a method of family planning when became pregnant with current pregnancy
 Yes29 (11.4)13 (16.7)16 (9.0)
 No226 (88.6)65 (83.3)161 (91.0)0.077
  • *Survey participants were currently or recently pregnant women 20 weeks or less of gestation, at least 18 years old, and presenting to Justinian University hospital maternity ward for care.

  • Ref., reference.