Table 1

Characteristics of 605 study participants undergoing first trimester medical termination of pregnancy and planning IUD for post-TOP contraception

VariableIntervention group
n=306 (%)
Control group
n=299 (%)
Total
n=605
P values
Age (years); median (IQR)27 (22 to 32)27 (23 to 33)27 (22 to 33)0.389
Duration of pregnancy (days); median (IQR)56 (48 to 64)54 (47 to 63)55 (47 to 63)0.103
Regular smoking153 (50.0)153 (51.2)306 (50.6)0.773
Regular use of alcohol231 (75.5)236 (78.9)467 (77.2)0.313
History of drug abuse7 (2.3)12 (4.0)19 (3.1)0.224
History of pregnancy*208 (68.2)200 (66.7)408 (67.4)0.688
History of TOP139 (45.4)120 (40.1)259 (42.8)0.189
History of delivery148 (48.4)134 (44.8)282 (46.6)0.382
Marital status0.242
 Married57 (18.6)42 (14.0)99 (16.4)
 Cohabiting83 (27.1)78 (26.1)161 (26.6)
 Single166 (54.2)179 (59.9)345 (57.0)
Diagnosis of a psychiatric condition54 (17.6)40 (13.4)94 (15.5)0.147
STAI index >40 at baseline170/300 (56.7)169/280 (60.4)339/580 (58.4)0.367
Diagnosis of a somatic condition123 (40.2)112 (37.5)235 (38.8)0.490
History of STD117 (38.2)106 (35.5)223 (36.9)0.478
Body mass index (kg/m2); median (IQR)23 (21 to 25)23 (21 to 26)23 (21 to 26)0.658
  • *Includes all previous pregnancies, regardless of the outcome, before index pregnancy.

  • IUD, intrauterine device; STAI, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory; STD, sexually transmitted disease; TOP, termination of pregnancy.