Table 2

Sexual practices among a sample of Northern adolescents in the Northwest Territories (NWT), Canada (n=607)

Sexually activeConsistent condom use
No
(n=495)
Yes
(n=115)
P value*No
(n=61)
Yes
(n=54)
P value*
Age in years (mean (SD))13.9 (1.2)15.4 (1.8)<0.00115.4 (2.1)15.4 (1.4)0.789
Types of sexual act†
 Not stated1 (1.5%(0.0% to 4.7%))1 (1.9%(0.0% to 9.9%))
 Oral56 (48.7%(39.3% to 58.2%))37 (60.7%(47.3% to 72.9%))19 (35.2%(22.7% to 49.4%))0.008
 Vaginal106 (92.2%(85.7% to 96.4%))55 (90.1%(79.8% to 96.3%))51 (94.4%(84.6%– to 98.8%))0.398
 Anal15 (13.0%(7.5% to 20.6%))7 (11.5%(4.7% to 22.2%))8 (14.8%(6.6% to 27.1%))0.599
Number of sexual partners (mean (SD))2.4 (1.6)2.1 (1.6)2.6 (1.5)0.171
STI knowledge score (mean (SD))3.1 (3.0)5.0 (3.7)<0.0015.4 (3.8)4.7 (3.6)0.343
Gender
 Adolescent cisgender girls233 (77.2%(72.0% to 81.8%))69 (22.9%(18.2% to 28.0%))0.02139 (56.5%(44.0% to 68.4%))30 (43.5%(31.6% to 56.0%))0.360
 Adolescent cisgender boys252 (84.6%(80.0% to 88.5%))46 (15.4%(11.5% to 20.0%))22 (47.8%(32.9% to 63.1%))24 (52.2%(36.9% to 67.1%))
 Transgender youth7 (100.0%(59.0% to 100%))0 (0.0%(0.0% to 41.0%))
Indigenous identity
 No146 (89.6%(83.8% to 93.8%))17 (10.4%(6.2% to 16.2%))0.0019 (52.9%(27.8% to 77.0%))8 (47.1%(23.0% to 72.2%))0.993
 Yes349 (78.1%(73.9% to 81.8%))98 (21.9%(18.2% to 26.1%))52 (53.1%(42.7% to 63.2%))46 (46.9%(36.8% to 57.3%))
LGBQ+ identity
 Missing8 (88.9%(51.8% to 99.7%))1 (11.1%(0.3% to 48.2%)%))(0.0%(0.0%% to 97.5%))1 (100.0%(2.5% to 100%))
 No424 (82.2%(78.6% to 85.4%))92 (17.8%(14.6% to 21.4%))0.03846 (50.0%(39.4% to 60.6%))46 (50.0%(39.4% to 60.6%))0.125
 Yes63 (74.1%(63.5% to 83.0%))22 (25.9%(17.0% to 36.5%))15 (68.2%(45.1% to 86.1%))7 (31.8%(13.9% to 54.9%))
Rural residence (n (row %))
 No164 (92.7%(87.8% to 96.0%))13 (7.3%(4.0% to 12.2%))<0.0014 (30.8%(9.1% to 61.4%))9 (69.2%(38.6% to 90.9%))0.087
 Yes331 (76.4%(72.2% to 80.4%))102 (23.6%(19.6% to 27.8%))57 (55.9%(45.7% to 65.7%))45 (44.1%(34.3% to 54.3%))
Alcohol or drug use in past 3 months
 No371 (93.0%(90.0% to 95.3%))28 (7.0%(4.7% to 10.0%))<0.00111 (39.3%(21.5% to 59.4%))17 (60.7%(40.6% to 78.5%))0.094
 Yes124 (58.8%(51.8% to 65.5%))87 (41.2%(34.5% to 48.2%))50 (57.5%(46.4% to 68.0%))37 (42.5%(32.0% to 53.6%))
  • *Significance determined at α=0.05, and p values produced via Student’s t-test, χ2 test for homogeneity, or Fisher’s exact test. Those with missing information on variables or whose self-reported gender was other than girl/boy were not used in the statistical comparisons.

  • †Types of sexual acts are overlapping categories causing the sum total to exceed the number of sexually active youth. Column percentages represent the marginal proportions.

  • SD, standard deviation; STI, sexually transmitted infection .