Table 1

Socio-demographic characteristics among a sample of Northern adolescents in the Northwest Territories (NWT), Canada (n=607)†

Characteristic Adolescent cisgender girl
(n=302)
Adolescent cisgender boy
(n=298)
Transgender youth
(n=7)
P value*
Socio-demographic factors
Age in years (mean (SD))14.2 (1.5)14.2 (1.4)14.0 (1.4)0.735
STI knowledge (mean (SD))3.9 (3.6)3.0 (2.6)4.6 (4.0)<0.001
Indigenous identity
 No74 (24.5% (19.8% to 29.8%))88 (29.5% (24.4% to 35.1%))1 (14.3% (0.4% to 57.9%))0.166
 Yes228 (75.5% (70.2% to 80.2%))210 (70.5% (64.9% to 75.6%))6 (85.7% (42.1% to 99.6%))
LGBQ+ identity
 Missing6 (2.0% (0.7% to 4.3%))2 (0.7% (0.1% to 2.4%))<0.001
 No234 (77.5% (72.3% to 82.1%))279 (93.6% (90.2% to 96.1%))1 (14.3% (0.4% to 57.9%))
 Yes62 (20.5% (16.1% to 25.5%))17 (5.7% (3.4% to 9.0%))6 (85.7% (42.1% to 99.6%))
 Rural residence
 No82 (27.2% (22.2% to 32.5%))92 (30.9% (25.7% to 36.5%))3 (42.9% (9.9% to 81.6%))0.315
 Yes220 (72.9% (67.5% to 77.8%))206 (69.1% (63.5% to 74.3%))4 (57.1% (18.4% to 90.1%))
Alcohol or drug use in past 3 months
 No180 (59.6% (53.8% to 65.2%))212 (71.1% (65.6% to 76.2%))4 (57.1% (18.4% to 90.1%))0.003
 Yes122 (40.4% (34.8% to 46.2%))86 (28.9% (23.8% to 34.4%))3 (42.9% (9.9% to 81.6%))
Sexually active
 No233 (77.2% (72.0% to 81.8%))252 (84.6% (80.0% to 88.5%))7 (100% (59% to 100%))0.021
 Yes69 (22.9% (2.0% to 28.0%))46 (15.4% (11.5% to 20.0%))
Sexual practices, risk and protective factors among sexually active youth
Age in years (mean (SD))15.3 (2.0)15.6 (1.4)0.366
STI knowledge (mean (SD))5.8 (4.0)3.8 (3.0)0.006
Number of sexual partners (mean (SD))2.3 (1.5)2.6 (1.7)0.280
Types of sexual act‡
 Not stated1 (1.5% (0.0% to 7.8%))2 (4.3% (0.5% to 14.8%))
 Oral35 (50.7% (38.4% to 63.0%))21 (45.7% (30.9% to 61.0%))0.546
 Vaginal64 (92.8% (83.9% to 97.6%))42 (91.3% (79.2% to 97.6%))0.779
 Anal10 (14.5% (7.2% to 25.0%))5 (10.9% (3.6% to 23.6%))0.576
Consistent condom use
 No39 (56.5% (44.0% to 68.4%))22 (47.8% (32.9% to 63.1%))0.360
 Yes30 (43.5% (31.6% to 56.0%))24 (52.3% (36.9% to 67.1%))
Alcohol or drug use in past 3 months
 No14 (20.3% (11.6% to 31.7%))14 (30.4% (17.7%–45.8%))0.214
 Yes55 (79.7% (68.3% to 88.4%)%))32 (69.6% (54.2% to 82.3%))
Indigenous identity
 No9 (13.0% (6.1% to 23.3%))8 (17.4% (7.8% to 31.4%))0.520
 Yes60 (87.0% (76.7% to 93.9%))38 (82.6% (68.6% to 92.2%))
Rural residence
 No3 (4.4% (0.9% to 12.2%))10 (21.7% (10.9% to 36.4%))0.004
 Yes66 (95.6% (87.7% to 99.1%))36 (78.3% (63.6% to 89.1%))
  • *Significance determined at α=0.05, and p values produced via Student’s t-test, χ2 test for homogeneity, or Fisher’s exact test.

  • †Types of sexual acts are overlapping categories causing the sum total to exceed the number of sexually active youth.

  • ‡Unless otherwise stated, the number of individuals and column percentages along with their 95% binomial confidence intervals are reported in each cell. Those with missing information on variables or who’s self-reported gender was other than cisgender girl/boy were reported but not used in for statistical comparisons due to small numbers.

  • SD, standard deviation; STI, sexually transmitted infection.