Table 4

Bivariate and multivariate analyses of factors associated with ever having an HIV test among trans people

FactorUnivariateMultivariate
Never had an HIV test (n=254)Ever had an HIV test (n=244)OR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)
n or mean % or SD n or mean % or SD Row %
Gender
 Trans man8132%6527%45%Ref.
 Trans woman4417%4418%50%1.25 (0.73 to 2.12)
 Non-binary11947%12451%51%1.30 (0.86 to 1.96)
 In another way104%115%52%1.37 (0.55 to 3.43)
Age group (years)
 18–2417067%9037%35%Ref.Ref.
 25–344719%9639%67%3.86 (2.50 to 5.95)***2.50 (1.43 to 4.39)**
 35–492711%4719%64%3.29 (1.92 to 5.63)***3.24 (1.54 to 6.78)**
 50+83%104%56%2.36 (0.90 to 6.19)1.32 (0.40 to 4.39)
Ethnicity
 White24898%22492%47%Ref.Ref.
 Person of colour62%187%75%3.32 (1.30 to 8.52)*3.23 (1.06 to 9.86)*
Country of birth
 UK23191%20986%48%Ref.
 Not UK187%2711%60%1.66 (0.89 to 3.10)
Education
 University or higher7931%13154%62%Ref.Ref.
 Qualifications at 18 years14156%8434%37%0.36 (0.24 to 0.53)***0.57 (0.34 to 0.94)*
 Qualifications at 16 years or lower2510%2510%50%0.60 (0.32 to 1.12)1.22 (0.56 to 2.65)
Work status
 Full-time6626%9840%60%Ref.
 Part-time2811%2611%48%0.63 (0.34 to 1.16)
 Student9236%4619%33%0.34 (0.21 to 0.54)***
 Unemployed2811%135%32%0.31 (0.15 to 0.65)**
 Other (sick leave, retired, carer)3514%5623%62%1.08 (0.64 to 1.82)
Relationship status
 Living with partner6224%7330%54%Ref.Ref.
 Relationship not living with partner7630%5824%43%0.65 (0.40 to 1.05)0.92 (0.49 to 1.70)
 Relationship with multiple partners62%2811%82%3.96 (1.54 to 10.19)**6.09 (1.82 to 20.38)**
 Single11043%8535%44%0.66 (0.42 to 1.02)1.13 (0.65 to 1.97)
Location
 Outside London23492%22191%49%Ref.
 London146%229%61%1.66 (0.83 to 3.33)
Discrimination medical setting past 12 months
 No19276%15564%45%Ref.
 Yes4518%6828%60%1.87 (1.22 to 2.88)**
Discrimination other setting past 12 months
 No6827%6627%49%Ref.
 Yes16967%15764%48%0.96 (0.64 to 1.43)
Perceived health
 Fair/good/very good18171%17572%49%Ref.
 Very poor/poor7329%6928%49%0.98 (0.66 to 1.44)
Psychological distress
 Normal62%229%79%Ref.
 Moderate2911%3414%54%0.32 (0.11 to 0.90)*
 High6827%5422%44%0.22 (0.08 to 0.57)**
 Very high15059%12852%46%0.23 (0.09 to 0.59)**
Anal sex with man past 12 months
 No21986%16166%42%Ref.
 Yes3514%8334%70%3.23 (2.07 to 5.03)***
Condomless anal sex with man past 12 months
 No22990%19078%45%Ref.Ref.
 Yes2510%5422%68%2.60 (1.56 to 4.34)***2.96 (1.57 to 5.58)**
Sexual contact without consent past 12 months
 No20982%20484%49%Ref.
 Yes249%2711%53%1.15 (0.64 to 2.06)
 Unsure104%52%33%0.51 (0.17 to 1.53)
Alcohol before sex past 12 months
 No14959%11547%44%Ref.
 Yes10341%12752%55%1.60 (1.12 to 2.28)*
Drugs before sex past 12 months
 No21685%17371%44%Ref.Ref.
 Yes3614%6928%66%2.39 (1.53 to 3.75)***2.46 (1.42 to 4.27)**
Self-stigma 52.6 7.4 50.1 7.8 0.96 (0.93 to 0.98)**
Body dissatisfaction 45.9 11 40.6 12.6 0.96 (0.95 to 0.98)*** 0.97 (0.95 to 0.99)**
Loneliness 6.5 1.6 6.0 1.7 0.85 (0.76 to 0.95)***
Satisfaction with life 16.4 6.9 18.0 7.3 1.03 (1.00 to 1.06)*
  • *p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001.

  • aOR, adjusted odds ratio; Ref., reference.