Table 2

Comparing tenaculum pain scores by level of training, parity, anxiety, chronic pain, race and education

ParameterComparison groupsNMedian (IQR)P value
MethodsSlow placement3344 (21, 63)0.16
Cough3332 (19, 54)
Provider’s level of trainingFirst/second-year resident1332 (18, 55)0.42
Third/fourth-year resident, attending5336 (20, 62)
ParityNulliparous3338 (19, 62)0.75
Multiparous3335 (20, 58)
AnxietyNo or mild anxiety4629 (18.2, 54.8)0.01
Moderate or severe anxiety2054 (32, 66.5)
History of chronic painHistory of chronic pain962 (36, 72)0.10
No history of chronic pain5732 (20, 56)
RaceBlack or African American2236.5 (26.5, 59)0.65*
White or Caucasian3234 (19, 56)
Other1229 (18, 62)
EducationHigh school/GED1640 (26, 68)0.33
College/graduate degree5032.5 (20, 56)
  • *Kruskal-Wallis test.

  • GED, general educational development.