Table 3

Factors associated with the odds of sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing services awareness and lifetime STI testing uptake among refugee and displaced young men in informal settlements in Kampala, Uganda (n=112)

IndicatorsAwareness of STI servicesLifetime STI testing
OR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)
Sociodemographic factors
Age1.22 (1.04 to 1.43)* 1.13 (0.91 to 1.40)1.56 (1.19 to 2.04)***1.56 (1.17 to 2.08)**
Education (<secondary school=0)2.27 (1.03 to 5.02)* 0.67 (0.24 to 1.85)2.59 (0.79 to 8.47)
Time in Uganda (years) (<1 year=0)
 1–54.87 (1.00 to 23.68)* 6.84 (1.27 to 36.93)* 0.89 (0.17 to 4.61)
 >53.08 (0.53 to 17.79)4.70 (0.72 to 30.74)2.23 (1.35 to 3.68)
Relationship status (single=0)
 Dating one partner/married1.58 (0.68 to 3.54)1.03 (0.35 to 3.03)
 Casual dating/multiple partners1.19 (0.57 to 2.51)0.94 (0.17 to 5.17)
Intrapersonal factor
Lifetime multiple sexual partners (No=0)0.43 (0.20 to 0.93) * 0.64 (0.06 to 6.46)0.62 (0.22 to 1.71)
Interpersonal factors
Lifetime forced sex (No=0)0.75 (0.22 to 2.50)2.25 (0.27 to 18.63)
Condom use self-efficacy1.05 (0.98 to 1.13)1.20 (1.06 to 1.36)**1.19 (1.03 to 1.36)*
Community factors
Sexual activity and pregnancy stigma0.90 (0.73 to 1.10)1.19 (0.87 to 1.64)1.40 (1.00 to 1.95)*
Modern family planning and abortion stigma1.05 (0.81 to 1.35)1.02 (0.72 to 1.51)
HIV-related stigma0.90 (0.83 to 0.98)* 0.90 (0.82 to 0.98)* 1.03 (0.93 to 1.15)
Food insecurity (No=0)1.49 (0.63 to 3.53)0.75 (0.23 to 2.48)
Model fit indices
 N11261112112
 Predicted correctly72.184.8
 Nagelkerke R square0.220.38
  • *p<0.050, **p<0.010, ***p<0.001.

  • aOR, adjusted odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; OR, unadjusted odds ratio; STI, sexually transmitted infection.