Table 2

Factors associated with the odds of sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing services awareness and lifetime STI testing uptake among refugee and displaced young women in informal settlements in Kampala, Uganda (n=333)

IndicatorsAwareness of STI servicesLifetime STI testing
OR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)
Sociodemographic factors
Age1.29 (1.18 to 1.42)***1.22 (1.10 to 1.36)***1.19 (1.10 to 1.30)***1.15 (1.03 to 1.28)*
Education (<secondary school=0)1.24 (0.800 to 1.92)1.52 (0.99 to 2.33)
Time in Uganda (years) (<1 year=0)
 1–50.47 (0.18 to 1.30)1.20 (0.47 to 3.05)2.17 (0.72 to 6.50)
 >51.18 (0.75 to 1.86)2.23 (1.35 to 3.68) **0.86 (0.27 to 2.78)
Relationship status (single=0)
 Dating one partner/married1.96 (1.23 to 3.12)**1.05 (0.60 to 1.82)0.83 (0.40 to 1.75)
 Casual dating/multiple partners1.19 (0.57 to 2.51)1.38 (0.57 to 3.35)1.64 (0.79 to 3.35)
Intrapersonal factor
 Lifetime multiple sexual partners (No=0)0.40 (0.27 to 0.59)***1.27 (0.74 to 2.18)0.53 (0.35 to 0.82)**1.08 (0.57 to 2.02)
Interpersonal factors
Condom use self-efficacy1.01 (0.98 to 1.04)1.03 (1.00 to 106)* 1.03 (0.99 to 1.07)
Lifetime forced sex (No=0)0.67 (0.42 to 1.07)0.50 (0.31 to 0.83)**1.41 (0.74 to 2.66)
Community factors
Sexual activity and pregnancy stigma0.62 (0.67 to 0.86)***0.78 (0.66 to 0.92)**0.79 (0.71 to 0.89)***0.81 (0.69 to 0.94)***
Modern family planning and abortion stigma0.79 (0.69 to 0.90)***0.95 (0.80 to 1.13)0.88 (0.78 to 0.99)* 1.05 (0.86 to 1.28)
Food insecurity (No=0)0.81 (0.53 to 1.23)0.41 (0.24 to 0.71)***0.33 (0.17 to 0.66)**
Model fit indices
 N333333333333
 Predicted correctly70.070.9
 Nagelkerke R square0.210.23
  • *p<0.050, **p<0.010, ***p<0.001.

  • aOR, adjusted odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; OR, unadjusted odds ratio; STI, sexually transmitted infection.