Table 2

Summary of intervention effects

InterventionRCTAdolescents/young womenUseUptakeContinuationSwitchingSatisfaction – methodSatisfaction – services
Interventions targeting women choosing a contraceptive method
 Digital decision-making toolsChewning 199928 Two sites:Embedded Image Two sites:Embedded Image
Dehlendorf 201781 Embedded Image
Garbers 201221 201223 Two trial arms:Embedded Image Two trial arms:Embedded Image
Hebert 2018 33 Embedded Image Embedded Image
Kofinas 201429 Embedded Image
Koo 201730 Embedded Image
Sridhar 201531 Embedded Image Embedded Image
 Provider training + paper-based decision-making toolsFarrokh-Eslamlou 201434 Embedded Image Embedded Image
George 201535 Embedded Image
León 200336 Embedded Image Embedded Image
Nawar 200425 Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image
Interventions targeting women initiating or requesting a method
 Structured counselling on side effectsCanto de Cetina 200138 Embedded Image
Lei 199692 Embedded Image
Modesto 201440 Embedded Image
Patel 200341 Embedded Image
 Tubal ligation scoringDemir 200642 Embedded Image
 Paper-based decision-making toolChin-Quee 200726 Embedded Image
 Provider training + telephone counselling in one armBerenson 201256 Embedded Image Embedded Image
 Educational text messagesCastaño 2012 61 Embedded Image
 Husband counsellingAmatya 199479 Embedded Image Embedded Image
Interventions to improve FP service quality for all service users
 Provider training in counselling, clinical and/or logistical skillsGibbs 201643 18–25 years old:
Embedded Image
18–19 years old:Embedded Image
Jain 201224 Embedded Image Embedded Image
Kim 199244 Embedded Image Embedded Image
León 200345 Embedded Image Embedded Image
Madden 201346 Embedded Image
Sanogo 200347 Embedded Image Embedded Image
Sapkota 201748 Embedded Image
Wu 200349 Embedded Image
 Patient coachingKim 200350 Embedded Image
Interventions targeting women undergoing abortion
 Additional counsellingBender 200458 Embedded Image
Davidson 201553 Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image
Schunmann 200654 Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image
Smith 201555 Embedded Image Embedded Image
Whitaker 201651 Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image
Zhu 200952 Embedded Image
 Mode of counsellingFerreira 201120 201522 Embedded Image Embedded Image
Lohr 201856 Embedded Image
 ContentLangston 201060 Embedded Image
Savelieva 200357 Embedded Image Embedded Image
 Husband counsellingAbdel-Tawab 199759 Embedded Image
Interventions targeting postpartum women
 Number/timing of sessionsAdanikin 201364 Embedded Image
Bolam 199863 Embedded Image
Gilliam 200493 Embedded Image
Kaewkiattikun 201761 Embedded Image
Vural 201665 Embedded Image
 Timing/mode of counsellingSmith 200266 Embedded Image
 Mode of counsellingAkman 201070 Embedded Image
Proctor 200669 Embedded Image
 ContentFatima 201871 Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image
Hardy 199868 Embedded Image
Ndegwa 201472 Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image
Tomlin 201762 Embedded Image
Torres 201867 Embedded Image Embedded Image
Interventions targeting women attending services other than FP
 Systematic provision of contraceptive counsellingGillespie 200974 Embedded Image
Grubb 201873 Embedded Image
Lee 201575 Embedded Image
Embedded Image
Embedded Image Embedded Image
Yassin 200576 Embedded Image
Community-based interventions
 Peer counsellingFerguson 199880 Embedded Image
 Couples counsellingEl-Khoury 201678 Embedded Image
Lemani 201779 Embedded Image Embedded Image
Terefe 199377 Embedded Image Embedded Image
  • Each dot represents one outcome measure unless otherwise specified. Embedded Image Positive effect (p<0.05). Embedded Image Weak evidence of positive effect (0.05<p<0.1). Embedded Image No evidence of effect or negative effect.

  • A+YW, adolescents and young women; FP, family planning; RCT, randomised controlled trial.