Table 1

Factors associated with contraceptive discontinuation and adoption among users and non-users pre-COVID, by country

FactorBurkina FasoKenya
Discontinuation among users at baseline (n=673)Adoption among non-users at baseline (n=512)Discontinuation among users at baseline (n=2078)Adoption among non-users at baseline (n=706)
AOR95% CIAOR95% CIAOR95% CIAOR95% CI
Sociodemographic
Residence
 Urbanrefrefrefref
 Rural1.550.554.320.710.371.391.130.701.830.680.411.13
Age (years)
 25–34refrefrefref
 15–190.190.050.660.590.241.480.470.221.021.630.713.76
 35–492.180.895.331.600.773.311.070.641.800.870.531.42
Education*
 Lowerrefrefrefref
 Higher0.350.150.811.050.571.941.030.691.521.641.052.56
Wealth
 Lowrefrefrefref
 Middle0.750.163.430.520.251.071.250.742.110.930.561.53
 High0.350.101.240.490.191.230.970.531.770.850.471.54
Reproductive health
Parity (births)
 0–1refrefrefref
 2–30.640.211.971.220.463.190.350.170.732.141.014.52
 3+0.340.091.240.730.163.330.320.120.851.390.583.35
Emotional response to potential pregnancy
 Very happyrefrefrefref
 Happy2.650.4316.232.501.205.200.940.471.852.561.225.40
 Neutral0.770.087.190.660.251.740.770.391.554.691.9111.52
 A little unhappy2.780.4915.860.430.111.711.210.602.453.821.738.44
 Very unhappy1.400.257.821.380.563.421.050.581.904.992.4210.29
Contraceptive use and intentions at baseline
 Non-use, no intentrefref
 Non-use with intent2.631.424.904.913.117.74
 Use of short-actingrefref
 Use of long-acting0.300.140.650.270.170.43
 COVID-19-related
Household income loss
 Nonerefrefrefref
 Partial0.960.362.572.431.244.761.880.685.240.910.352.34
 Complete1.880.596.021.310.652.642.380.807.041.110.432.85
Concern about future loss of income due to COVID-19
 Norefrefrefref
 Yes1.160.284.811.310.374.678.061.0661.411.110.482.59
Food insecurity during COVID-19
 Nonerefrefrefref
 Chronic stable3.640.6420.781.200.512.810.610.281.321.030.551.93
 Increased0.110.020.763.351.249.071.110.681.810.890.531.48
Able to socially distance
 Norefrefrefref
 Yes1.090.323.730.790.302.081.210.801.831.370.852.21
Concerned about becoming infected with COVID-19
 Concernedrefrefrefref
 Very concerned2.160.944.970.460.220.960.850.491.491.851.033.32
 A little/not concerned8.981.9741.020.380.111.291.610.723.591.050.402.75
  • *Education in Burkina Faso distinguished women who never went to school (lower) from women who went to school (higher). In Kenya, education distinguished women who attended secondary school or higher (higher) from those who had less education (lower) .

  • †Multivariate regression adjusted for all other covariates listed and accounted for the complex survey design. Values in bold type indicate p<0.05.

  • AOR, adjusted odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; ref, reference.