Table 2

Multivariate correlates and predictors of switching to more and less effective methods during COVID-19 among women at risk of unintended pregnancy, by country

FactorBurkina FasoKenya
More effective method*Less effective method†More effective method*Less effective method†
Sociodemographic factors
Age (years)
 35–49 0.24 0.07 0.81 2.340.806.830.900.581.410.980.631.52
 Middle 13.18 2.02 85.85 13.4 1.83 98.25 0.650.401.050.940.571.54
 High 9.65 1.83 50.78 5.250.8034.490.740.421.310.850.471.53
Reproductive health
Parity (births)
 4+ 8.74 1.43 53.24 1.890.2613.50.780.341.80 0.49 0.25 0.96
Emotional response to potential pregnancy
 Very happyrefrefrefref
 Mixed feelings0.390.082.001.480.258.761.300.712.371.090.552.19
 A little unhappy0.410.062.722.410.5710.190.860.391.870.920.431.95
 Very unhappy1.470.
COVID-19-related factors
Household income loss
 Partial 4.73 1.36 16.46 1.570.406.120.890.441.801.460.673.18
Concern about future loss of income due to COVID-19
Food insecurity during COVID-19‡
 Chronic stable 0.34 0.12 0.94 1.30 0.712.38
Able to socially distance
Concerned about becoming infected with COVID-19
 Very concerned 0.17 0.06 0.47 1.000.342.931.250.662.380.980.551.74
 A little/not concerned0.510.131.991.480.415.291.530.475.050.670.192.34
  • Multivariate regression adjusted for all other covariates listed and account for the complex survey design. Values in bold type indicate p<0.05.

  • *Among women not using highly effective contraception at baseline.

  • †Among women using effective/highly effective contraception at baseline.

  • ‡Sample sizes for food insecurity were too small in Burkina Faso to detect differences among women who used contraception at baseline and follow-up.

  • AOR, adjusted odds ratio; ;CI, confidence interval; ref, reference.