Table 1

Reproductive Autonomy Scale scores by sociodemographic characteristics of study participants, UK 2018

CharacteristicN%Subscale of Reproductive Autonomy ScaleTotal average
Decision makingFreedom from coercionCommunication
Total=826Mean score (SD)
Age group (years)
 15–19647.89%2.48 (0.41)3.78 (0.48)3.55 (0.52)3.33 (0.36)
 20–2925531.44%2.51 (0.37)3.87 (0.31)3.60 (0.47)3.38 (0.27)
 30–3940149.45%2.48 (0.33)3.91 (0.26)3.58 (0.44)3.38 (0.23)
 40–509111.22%2.49 (0.35)3.89 (0.29)3.54 (0.46)3.37 (0.25)
 Missing151.82%
Relationship status
 Married44754.12%2.45 (0.33)3.91 (0.25)3.59 (0.43)3.38 (0.23)
 Relationship—cohabiting17220.82%2.52 (0.35)3.91 (0.28)3.57 (0.49)3.39 (0.26)
 Relationship—not cohabiting13015.74%2.50 (0.38)3.83 (0.35)3.66 (0.37)3.39 (0.26)
 Single*708.47%2.69 (0.39)3.77 (0.47)3.34 (0.57)3.30 (0.37)
 Other40.48%2.44 (0.31)3.70 (0.60)3.50 (0.66)3.27 (0.43)
 Missing30.36%
Ethnicity
 White73789.23%2.49 (0.35)3.89 (0.29)3.58 (0.44)3.38 (0.25)
 Mixed/multiple groups202.42%2.70 (0.32)3.85 (0.32)3.40 (0.70)3.36 (0.33)
 Asian/Asian British506.05%2.46 (0.35)3.80 (0.43)3.54 (0.48)3.32 (0.29)
 Black/African/Caribbean101.21%2.63 (0.21)3.76 (0.37)3.64 (0.40)3.39 (0.26)
 Other ethnic group50.61%2.45 (0.33)3.76 (0.35)3.56 (0.64)3.31 (0.38)
 Missing40.44%
Religion
 No religion51762.59%2.51 (0.36)3.90 (0.28)3.58 (0.46)3.39 (0.25)
 Christian23928.93%2.45 (0.34)3.87 (0.31)3.58 (0.46)3.36 (0.26)
 Other†708.47%2.47 (0.38)3.80 (0.40)3.56 (0.44)3.34 (0.30)
Highest level of education
 Secondary school506.05%2.51 (0.41)3.88 (0.38)3.54 (0.62)3.37 (0.35)
 Further education‡15518.77%2.52 (0.37)3.82 (0.37)3.56 (0.45)3.36 (0.28)
 Undergraduate degree31738.38%2.49 (0.35)3.89 (0.28)3.59 (0.41)3.38 (0.24)
 Postgraduate degree28834.87%2.48 (0.33)3.91 (0.26)3.58 (0.47)3.39 (0.24)
 Other80.97%2.34 (0.30)3.68 (0.52)3.40 (0.60)3.20 (0.43)
 Missing80.97%
Employment
 Employed61073.85%2.49 (0.34)3.90 (0.28)3.58 (0.43)3.38 (0.24)
 Unemployed§465.57%2.53 (0.39)3.93 (0.19)3.57 (0.49)3.36 (0.31)
 Student15919.25%2.42 (0.36)3.83 (0.38)3.58 (0.55)3.37 (0.22)
 Other60.73%2.67 (0.38)3.8 (0.22)3.40 (0.72)3.33 (0.30)
 Missing50.61%
  • *Women who were previously married/divorced were categorised based on their relationship status at the time of survey.

  • †Other religions included Buddhist, Hindu, Jewish, Muslim, Sikh, Arab and other.

  • ‡Further education included A Level/AS/Highers/IB, college, diploma in higher education or equivalents.

  • §Unemployment included women who identified as full time mothers/housewives.