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Simulators for intimate examination training in the developing world
  1. Bohaira Geyoushi, MRCOG, MFFP, Research Fellow1,
  2. Kalpana Apte, BAMS, DHM, Director of Training2 and
  3. R William Stones, MD, FRCOG, Senior Lecturer3
  1. ‘Opportunities and Choices’ Programme, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
  2. Family Planning Association of India, Mumbai, India
  3. ‘Opportunities and Choices’ Programme, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
  1. Correspondence Dr R W Stones, Level F (815), Princess Anne Hospital, Southampton SO16 5YA, UK. Tel: +44 (0) 2380 796033. Fax: +44 (0) 2380 786933. E-mail: r.w.stones{at}


Context Family planning clinic in urban India.

Objective To assess the usefulness of a pelvic simulator for intimate examination and intrauterine device insertion training, and for enhancing reproductive education for women.

Design Observational study using evaluation forms completed by staff, and focus group interviews with women and girls participating in sexual health education. Content analysis of interview material.

Results Staff being trained in intimate examination found the simulator to be useful in increasing their level of skill. Participants in sexual health education reported an improved range and depth of knowledge following demonstrations with the simulator.

Conclusion Where working and training conditions are crowded and lacking in privacy, inappropriate examination practices are likely to be propagated. Training for intimate examinations can be enhanced by the use of pelvic simulators.

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